DNS, or the Domain Name System, translates human readable domain names to machine readable IP addresses.
All computers on the Internet, from your smart phone or laptop to the servers that serve content for massive retail websites, find and communicate with one another by using numbers. These numbers are known as IP addresses. When you open a web browser and go to a website, you don't have to remember and enter a long number. Instead, you can enter a domain name like example.com and still end up in the right place.
|A||An IPv4 address in dotted decimal notation.|
|AAAA||An IPv6 address.|
|MX||FQDN of the mail exchanger. Lower numbers indicate greater priority.|
|CNAME||FQDN of location in DNS namespace to which the record is aliased.|
|TXT||Arbitrary string data associated with this record.|